by Huraira Maneer
إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ ۚ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ ۚ
Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them…[9:36]
As Salaamu Alaikum!
We have reached the blessed month of Muharram, one of the sacred months in Islaam and the first month of the Hijri calendar. With it are virtues and other important facts which I’ve noted below:
Ashura (10th of Muharram) is the day Allah rescued the Prophet Musa and his people, after Musa had called Firaun to Tawheed (To single Allah out in worship). But Fir’aun arrogantly rejected!
Ashura was also the day Pharoah (Fir’aun) and his people were destroyed 1
Muharram is one of the sacred months as well as Dhu’l-Qi’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Rajab. As in the Quraan it says:
“Indeed, the number of months with Allah is Twelve (lunar) months in the register of Allah (from) the day he created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion [i.e.way], so do not wrong yourselves during them…” (At-Tawbah:36)
Good deeds are of greater reward, and wrongdoing is more grave and serious in this month as well in other sacred months2
In order, the Islamic Months are as follows:
- Rabi’ al-awwal
- Rabi’ al-thani
- Jumada al-awwal
- Jumada al-thani
- Dhu al-Qi’dah
- Dhu al-Hijjah
So what should we DO in this blessed month?
DO more righteous actions! Try harder to leave off prohibitions! Increase in fasting in this month especially the fast of Ashura.
The noble Scholar and Faqeeh Shaykh Uthaymeen advises us with regards to these months:
“Respect the limits set by Allāh, carry out the obligations ordained by Allāh, and stay away from His prohibitions. Fulfil the rights with regards to what is between you and your Lord, and with regards to what is between you and His ‘Ibād (servants, slaves, worshippers)3
Abu Qatadah narrated that the Prophet said:
“Fast the Day of Ashura, for indeed I anticipate that Allah will forgive (the sins of) the year before it.”4
Al-Hāfiz Ibn Hajr said:
❝Fasting ʿĀshūrā is of 3 levels: The lowest is to fast it alone . Above this is to fast the 9th along with it.• Above that is to fast the 9th and the 11th along with it. And Allāh knows best.❞4
The Sacred Month Of Muharam specifically http://www.alminbar.com/khutbaheng/423.htm
The Sacred Months in general www.alminbar.com/khutbaheng/510.htm
Fasting Ashura http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=1370
Musa & Fir’aun http://www.alminbar.com/khutbaheng/492.htm
- IslamQA Virtues of Muharram: https://islamqa.info/en/204142
- Tafsir Ibn Kathir: http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=383&Itemid=36
- Tafsir Ibn kathir on the Aayah “فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُم” http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2559
- Ad-Diyā’ Al-Lāmi’ 9/704 .
- [al-Fath, (4/246) | Translated By Abu Abdillaah Hassan as-Somali]