Introduction

Islam is an Arabic word which means ‘peace’ and ‘submission’. A way of life and a philosophy of living that is undertaken by over a billion of Muslims, those who practice Islam, throughout their daily lives. Central to the Islamic belief lies the belief in one God who is almighty and benevolent, Allah (an Arabic word which means God). Islam teaches that in order to achieve true peace of mind and surety of heart, one must submit to Allah and live according to His divinely revealed law. The most important truth revealed to mankind from Allah being that there is nothing divine or worthy of worship except for Almighty Allah, hence all beings should submit to Him.

Allah

Muslims hold the belief in one God alone, Allah, and do not worship another deity besides Him. To affirm a partner with Allah is identified as a major sin in Islam. This article will highlight the fundamental beliefs in the Divine God.

It is believed that Allah (God) is the ultimate Designer and Creator of the heavens, the earth and all that is within. On numerous occasions, Allah (God) Most High relays in the Holy Book (the Qur’an revealed by Him):

“He created the heavens and the earth with truth. He makes the night to go in the day, and makes the day to go in the night. And He has subjected the sun and the moon. Each running (on a fixed course) for an appointed term. Verily, He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving.” (Quran 39:5)

The aforementioned verse provides evidence that there is only one Creator and, logically speculating the phenomena of having two Creators, chaos will transpire. It will result in disputes such as whether the Sun should arise from the East or West, compromises would have to be made. The verse also outlines that there must be a creator to have created at least one of ‘gods’ but this negates the almighty power of Allah (God).

There are several key attributes which Muslims believe in. Firstly, Allah (God) is eternal; He is not time-bound nor was He created. Six key attributes of Allah (God) are aforementioned; they contribute to understating Allah (God) and His divinity:

  1. Existence – this is the absolute vital belief – the existence of Allah (God)
  2. His characteristic of Beginning-less Eternality – Allah (God) did not have a beginning and is pre-eternal.
  3. Endless Eternality – this means the Allah (God) will endure forever, it is a negating attribute. If God does not fit in to a time frame then surely He must exist forever.
  4. His absolute differentiation from that which is created – as there is nothing like Him. He is not built of atoms nor does He possess the speech in the same way humans do.
  5. He is Self-Subsistent – this reinforces that Allah (God) is independent of another being.
  6. Oneness – this attribute negates that there is another being with the ability like Him, He is unique.